Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is also known by the name glossodynia. This condition affects the oral tissues, which experience a burning, scalded sensation along with a change in taste or dryness. There is no known cause for burning mouth syndrome, but there are a few possible options.
Primary Burning Mouth Syndrome
BMS is often associated with other medical problems, but when no such problem exists, then it is believed that nerve damage is the cause. This is primary BMS, where the brains doesn’t understand the signals it receives from nerves in the mouth. There isn’t a set treatment option for this type of BMS, but the symptoms can be managed.
Secondary Burning Mouth Syndrome
This type of BMS is thought to be caused by another medical problem, such as one below:
- Allergic reaction
- Nutritional deficiencies
- Problems with the immune system
- Dry mouth
- Badly fitting dentures
- Excess irritation to the mouth
- Acid reflex
- Hormone changes
- Anxiety and depression
- Fungal infections
To treat secondary BMS, see your dentist first so they can determine if the cause is a dental problem. If not, then see you physician for treatment. Often treating a possible cause will stop burning mouth syndrome.